▪️ F. Schubert – Death and the maiden ▪️
▪️ Alin Constantin Chelărescu – IOC (first audition) ▪️
▪️ A. Dvořák – Serenade for Strings, Op.22 ▪️
Death and the Maiden | Franz Schubert
(arr. Gustav Mahler)
I. Allegro ▪️ II. Andante con moto ▪️ III. Scherzo. Allegro molto ▪️ IV. Presto
The String Quartet No. 14 in D minor – “Death and the Maiden” by F. Schubert is considered to be one of the main works written by the Austrian composer, a pillar of the chamber music repertoire. The Quartet was composed in March 1824, after having suffered from a serious illness. Realizing that death is near, that his dreams are crumbling one after the other, having serious financial problems, the composer falls into depression.
The title “Death and the Maiden” is based on the first theme of the second movement, in which Schubert introduced an earlier song (the Op. 7, No. 3, composed in 1817): a terror-stricken maiden begs Death to pass her by, but Death comforts her saying “I am not rough, you shall sleep gently in my arms”.
“Death and the Maiden” is a piece that presents the vulnerability of humans throughout life and their despair when facing death. Death was a constant theme throughout Schubert’s life, as well as in his creations. In Quartet No. 14, the character of Death becomes much stronger, and the end of the piece can be considered a true “dance of death”.
The work was first privately performed at the house of violinists Karl and Franz Hacker in January 1826 and the first audition of the masterpiece took place in Berlin, in March 1833.
Romanian Chamber Orchestra presents the string orchestra version, arranged by the composer Gustav Mahler, edited by David Matthews and published in 1985.
IOC | Alin Constantin Chelărescu
I. Whizz ▪️ II. Rustic ▪️ III. Balkanik
Alin Constantin Chelărescu (*1996, Botoșani) obtained his bachelor’s degree from the National University of Music Bucharest in July 2020, where he studied piano with professors Viniciu Moroianu and Horia Maxim, and musical composition with professors Mihai Măniceanu and Dan Dediu.
His opuses cover works from the instrumental genre (Variations on Traditional Romanian Folk Theme and Gisicgeis Sonata for piano solo, CONTRABEETHOVENTRUST for solo clarinet), chamber music (Prokofiev and the Wolf, and Perpetuum mobile for bassoon and piano; Mekanikon Trio for violin, cello, and piano; IOC for string orchestra/ string quartet; Bar Barbar for chamber ensemble), choral music (Christmas Suite and Ave Maria for mixed choir), orchestral music (Raskolnikov Hammerklavier – concert for piano and orchestra).
Alin Constantin Chelărescu was awarded various prizes, such as the 1st Prize at the National Composition Contest „Paul Constantinescu”, 1st Prize at the National Composition Contest „Ștefan Niculescu”, 1st Prize awarded by the Romanian Composers & Musicologists Union at the National Composition Contest „Mihail Jora”.
Both his talent and endeavors were confirmed by Alin’s attendance at masterclasses held by professors like Liviu Marinescu, Ari Ben-Shabetai, Doina Rotaru, and Michael Djupstrom. As a pianist and composer, Alin Chelărescu held recitals and concerts at Filarmonica Botoșani, „George Enescu” Museum, and participated in festivals such as CHEI and CIMRO DAYS, his repertoire including classical and contemporary works.
The main idea behind my composition `IOC` is the expression of the variety of three different Romanian folk dances (the whistle dance, the village’s memories dance, the dance of Balkan rhythms), all of them depicting the image of the traditional village where all the eerie colors, which differ from one place to another, are capturing the various stages of the rural life. The stylistic differences between the first movement and the following two are creating the much-needed contrast that expresses the joviality of a primordial stage, a spontaneous one, a stage that lacks restrictions, one that tries to impose itself against the rigors of a rustic world, in which the simplicity of life prevails, and of some the rhythmic Balkanic perpetuities which haunt the entire narrative of possible tedious life – everything is in vain, due to the rhythmic obsessions of the part itself.
Serenade Op. 22 | Antonín Dvořák
I. Moderato ▪️ II. Allegro con moto ▪️ III. Vivace ▪️ IV. Larghetto ▪️ V. Allegro vivace
The Serenade in E major Op. 22, by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák, is one of the most popular and beloved works for string orchestra. Composed in just 12 days (May 3-14), during the spring of 1875, the masterpiece abounds in wonderful melodies and sonorities that carries the listeners to Bohemia.
Relying on his rich imagination, the composer manages to create a solid thematic material, enriching his work with an idyllic strain, suggesting the freshness of spring and a perpetual state of optimism. The first audition of the work took place on December 10, 1876, in Prague, the orchestra being formed by Czech and German musicians conducted by the famous Adolf Čech.
At Dvořák’s first appearance as a conductor, which took place in Lipnik nad Becvou, in August 1877, the Serenade for String Orchestra was one of the works he conducted.