tOUR
REPERTOIRE
2020

REPERTOIRE

▪️ A. Dvořák – Serenade for Strings, Op.22 ▪️

▪️ Call for scores – selected composition will be performed as a premiere ▪️

▪️ F. Schubert – Death and the Maiden ▪️

Serenade Op. 22 | Antonín Dvořák

I. Moderato  ▪️  II. Allegro con moto  ▪️  III. Vivace  ▪️  IV. Larghetto  ▪️  V. Allegro vivace

 

The Serenade in E major Op. 22, by the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák, is one of the most popular and beloved works for string orchestra. Composed in just 12 days (May 3-14), during the spring of 1875, the masterpiece abounds in wonderful melodies and sonorities that carries the listeners to Bohemia.

Relying on his rich imagination, the composer manages to create a solid thematic material, enriching his work with an idyllic strain, suggesting the freshness of spring and a perpetual state of optimism. The first audition of the work took place on December 10, 1876, in Prague, the orchestra being formed by Czech and German musicians conducted by the famous Adolf Čech.

At Dvořák’s first appearance as a conductor, which took place in Lipnik nad Becvou, in August 1877, the Serenade for String Orchestra was one of the works he conducted.

Death and the Maiden | Franz Schubert

(arr. Gustav Mahler)
I. Allegro  ▪️  II. Andante con moto  ▪️  III. Scherzo. Allegro molto  ▪️  IV. Presto

 

The String Quartet No. 14 in D minor – “Death and the Maiden” by F. Schubert is considered to be one of the main works written by the Austrian composer, a pillar of the chamber music repertoire. The Quartet was composed in March 1824, after having suffered from a serious illness. Realizing that death is near, that his dreams are crumbling one after the other, having serious financial problems, the composer falls into depression.

The title “Death and the Maiden” is based on the first theme of the second movement, in which Schubert introduced an earlier song (the Op. 7, No. 3, composed in 1817): a terror-stricken maiden begs Death to pass her by, but Death comforts her saying “I am not rough, you shall sleep gently in my arms”.

“Death and the Maiden” is a piece that presents the vulnerability of humans throughout life and their despair when facing death. Death was a constant theme throughout Schubert’s life, as well as in his creations. In Quartet No. 14, the character of Death becomes much stronger, and the end of the piece can be considered a true “dance of death”.

The work was first privately performed at the house of violinists Karl and Franz Hacker in January 1826 and the first audition of the masterpiece took place in Berlin, in March 1833.

Romanian Chamber Orchestra presents the string orchestra version, arranged by the composer Gustav Mahler, edited by David Matthews and published in 1985.